Umthombo wokuwelda werobhothi waseTshayina wenza umgangatho ophezulu kunye namaxabiso akhuphisanayo

Emva kweminyaka engaphezu kwama-50 yophuhliso, itekhnoloji yerobhothi yokuwelda idibanise itekhnoloji yoqeqesho oluninzi olufana netekhnoloji yolwazi, itekhnoloji yesivamvo kunye nobukrelekrele bokwenziwa ukuqonda uphuhliso lobukrelekrele kunye nokuzenzekelayo.Okwangoku, umthombo wamandla wedijithali we-arc welding esetyenziswa yirobhothi ye-welding ineenzuzo zokuphendula ngokukhawuleza, umgangatho olungileyo we-welding, ukuphindaphinda okunamandla kunye nemveliso ezinzileyo.Nangona kunjalo, ngeli nqanaba, uninzi lwemithombo yombane we-arc welding esetyenziswayo yimveliso yangaphandle, njengeSchaffer, iFrance DIGI @ WAVE Series, i-Austrian TPS series, njl. inqanaba ngokuchaneka kolawulo kunye nokuzinza kwe-welding.Ngokubhekiselele kwi-robot sensing, iirobhothi zokuwelda zinokusebenzisa izinzwa kumacandelo ahlukeneyo anje nge-electromagnetism, acoustics kunye ne-optics ukukhupha ulwazi kwinkqubo ye-welding kunye nokuhlangabezana neemfuno zokusebenza okuzenzekelayo kokusebenza kwerobhothi.Itekhnoloji ye-multi-sensor yolwazi lwe-fusion inokubona ukutenxa kwe-weld kunye nomgangatho we-welding, kwaye ibonelele ngenkxaso yobugcisa bokuqonda ukusebenza kwe-welding ehlakaniphile.Ngenkxaso yobu buchwepheshe, irobhothi ye-welding inokuqonda i-weld yenza ulawulo lomgangatho ngokusebenzisa inkqubo yobuchwephesha bokuwelda njengeyunithi eguquguqukayo kunye nokwenza isigqibo se-welding ngokubala okungaqondakaliyo kunye nenethiwekhi ye-neural [1].Nangona kunjalo, okwangoku, itekhnoloji isekwinqanaba lophando, elinqunyelwe kulawulo olulungelelanisiweyo lweenkqubo ezahlukeneyo.Kwimveliso ye-welding yerobhothi yokuwelda, kuyafuneka ukuba kusetyenziswe inkqubo yokufundisa ukuqonda ulawulo lwenkqubo yerobhothi, engabancedisi ukwandiswa kwendawo yokusebenza yerobhothi.

Ithala leencwadi elincinane elizenzekelayo elisebenza ngomatshini wokudibanisa isithuthi samandla esitsha ukuchaneka ukuya kuthi ga kwi-0.01mm egcweleyo egcwele umatshini wokuthengisa wokujolisa kumatshini omncinci wokujongisa ozenzekelayo ogcweleyo?Isebenza kumashishini ahlukeneyo, ukuxhaswa ngokwezifiso, i-solder joints, ukusebenza okulula, kunye neenkcukacha zokujonga i-solder joints >

Ukwandiswa.Nangona kunjalo, iinkqubo ezivuthiweyo zeprogramu engaxhunyiwe kwi-intanethi ziye zaphuhliswa phesheya, ezifana ne-robot SIM ye-ABB eSwitzerland, i-motosim eJapan, njl njl. E-China, iteknoloji engundoqo isezandleni zabasebenzi bezenzululwazi kunye nobuchwepheshe kwiiKholeji kunye neeyunivesithi kwaye isengaphakathi. inqanaba lokulinganisa.Ukongeza, kwiminyaka yakutshanje, abaphengululi basekhaya nakwamanye amazwe bayaqhubeka nokufunda itekhnoloji yolawulo lwerobhothi ezininzi, nokuba irobhothi nganye yokuwelda igqibezela umsebenzi wokuwelda ngokusebenza ngokubambisana.1.2 ubume besicelo sobuchwepheshe

Ukususela ekusetyenzisweni kobugcisa berobhothi, iirobhothi zokuwelda kwimarike yasekhaya zinokwahlulwa zibe ngamacandelo amathathu: ezasekhaya, zaseJapan kunye neYurophu, kubandakanya iPanasonic, abb, IgM kunye nezinye iimpawu.Isabelo semalike sisonke sibalelwa malunga ne-70% yesabelo semalike yasekhaya.Iirobhothi ze-welding zasekhaya ziye zagqiba ngokuthe ngcembe ukwakhiwa kwe-brand, njengeNanjing Easton, i-Shanghai xinshida kunye ne-Shenyang Xinsong, kodwa isabelo ngokubanzi sincinci, kuphela malunga ne-30%.Umda ngokwenqanaba lobuchwephesha, iindawo ezingundoqo zerobhothi yewelding yasekhaya ikakhulu zixhomekeke ekungeniseni, okukhokelela kwixabiso eliphezulu lerobhothi, ethintela uphuhliso kunye nokukhula kwemarike yerobhothi yokuwelda yasekhaya.Ngokuphathelele kwimihlaba yesicelo, iirobhothi ze-welding zisetyenzisiwe kwimoto, oomatshini bobunjineli, iinqanawa kunye namanye amasimi.Kwintsimi yokwenziwa kweemoto zasekhaya, iirobhothi ze-welding zisetyenziswa kakhulu.Zinokusetyenziselwa ukuwelda i-arc kunye neendawo zokuwelda kwimigca yemveliso ye-braking yemoto, kunye nokusetyenzwa kunye nokuveliswa komzimba, iinxalenye zemoto kunye ne-chassis, ekhuthaze inguqu kunye nophuhliso lweshishini leemoto zasekhaya ukusuka ekusebenzeni ngamandla ukuya kwitekhnoloji enzulu.Kwintsimi yoomatshini bokwakha, iirobhothi zokuwelda ziye zasetyenziswa, njengokwenziwa kwe-welding yezixhobo ezinkulu zoomatshini bokwakha ezifana ne-bulldozers kunye ne-excavators, enezibonelelo ezicacileyo zesicelo.Kwintsimi yokwakhiwa kweenqanawa, iirobhothi ze-welding zisetyenziswa ikakhulu eJapan, eUnited States nakwamanye amazwe.Ukuchatshazelwa kukuntsokotha kobugcisa benkqubo yerobhothi yokwakhiwa kweenqanawa, nangona irobhothi yokuwelda isetyenzisiwe eTshayina, ixhomekeke ikakhulu ekungenweni kobuchwephesha berobhothi obuvela phesheya, obunqanda uphuhliso lweteknoloji yerobhothi yolwakhiwo lwenqanawa ukuya kwinqanaba elithile.Ukongeza, iirobhothi ze-welding ziye zasetyenziselwa amaqondo ahlukeneyo kwimimandla yeebhayisikile, iilocomotives, umbane kunye ne-aerospace, kodwa xa iyonke, ayizange isetyenziswe ngokubanzi e-China.I-2 ithemba letekhnoloji ye-welding ye-robot 2.1 ithemba lophuhliso lwetekhnoloji yerobhothi yokuwelda

Idityaniswe nenqanaba lophuhliso lobuchwephesha berobhothi, kunokufunyaniswa ukuba xa kuthelekiswa namazwe angaphandle, uphuhliso lwetekhnoloji yerobhothi yokuwelda eTshayina isengasemva.Kodwa phantsi kwemvelaphi "yenziwe e-China 2025", unobhala jikelele u-Xi Jinping uye wagxininisa ngokuphindaphindiweyo ukuba iirobhothi "yiPearl yesithsaba soshishino lokuvelisa".I-R & D yabo, ukuveliswa kunye nokusetyenziswa ziimpawu ezibalulekileyo zokulinganisa inqanaba lokutsha kwezobuchwepheshe kunye nokuveliswa okuphezulu kwilizwe.Ke ngoko, ukuze sikhuthaze inguqu kunye nophuhliso olwenziwe eTshayina kwaye sigqibezele ukuyilwa "kwenkulungwane entsha yaseTshayina", kufuneka siqinise uphando lwetekhnoloji yerobhothi yokuwelda.Ke ngoko, kuphuhliso lwexesha elizayo, i-China kufuneka igxile kwiingxaki zetekhnoloji yokulandela umkhondo we-weld kunye nolawulo olulungelelanisiweyo lwerobhothi ezininzi

Umatshini we-Shenzhen Hongyuan ozenzekelayo usetyenziselwa ukuthengisa izinto ezahlukeneyo ze-elektroniki ukuphumeza i-solder joints kunye nesivuno esiphezulu se-welding!Jonga iinkcukacha >

Iingxaki, iingxaki zeprogram yerobhothi kunye nezinye iingxaki ziya kuqiniswa, kwaye iingxaki zobugcisa ziya kusonjululwa ngokuzisa iithiyori zobugcisa eziphambili ezifana nobukrelekrele bokufakelwa, i-bionics kunye ne-cybernetics, ukuze sizame ukuba phambili kweli candelo.Ke ngoko, urhulumente kufuneka aqinise inkxaso yetekhnoloji ephucukileyo kwicandelo leerobhothi zokuwelda kwaye andise utyalo-mali kwiiprojekthi zerobhothi, ukuze abonelele ngenkxaso eyomeleleyo kuphuhliso lwetekhnoloji.Ukuphumelela kobuchwephesha obuphambili kunokukhuthaza ngokufanelekileyo uphuhliso olukrelekrele kunye noluzenzekelayo lwemveliso yerobhothi yokuwelda kunye nemveliso eTshayina.2.2 ithemba lokusetyenziswa kweTekhnoloji

Kusetyenziso lwetekhnoloji yerobhothi yokuwelda, ukuze ibe ngamandla emveliso, iChina kufuneka yazise iirobhothi zokuwelda kwimveliso kunye nokuvelisa kwiinkalo ezahlukeneyo ngokukhawuleza ukuhlangabezana neemfuno zophuhliso lwemveliso yesizwe.Okwangoku, ukongeza kwimveliso, ukwakhiwa, ezolimo kunye namahlathi, uphuhliso lwaselwandle, unyango lwezonyango kunye namashishini enkonzo baye baphuhlisa automation, nto leyo enokubonelela indawo enkulu yophuhliso isicelo welding iirobhothi [2].Ngokudibanisa nale meko yophuhliso, kufuneka kwakhona someleze i-R & D kunye nokuveliswa kweerobhothi ezikhethekileyo zokuwelda, kwaye sigqibezele i-R & D yeerobhothi ezikhethekileyo zokuwelda ezinokuhlangabezana neemfuno zemimandla eyahlukeneyo, efana neerobhothi zokuwelda elwandle, emkhosini. iirobhothi ukuwelda, iirobhothi ulwakhiwo welding, njl., ukuze ngokuqhubekayo ukwandisa isicelo kunye nophuhliso indawo iirobhothi ukuwelda, ukuze ukukhuthaza ngempumelelo uphuhliso lobuchwepheshe irobhothi ukuwelda.

Isiphelo: kwimveliso yanamhlanje yemizi-mveliso, i-China kufuneka kwakhona ikuqonde ngokupheleleyo ukubaluleka kobuchwephesha berobhothi yokuwelda, kwaye iqonde inguqu yoshishino lwemveliso ukusuka ekubeni ngumsebenzi onzima ukuya kubuchwepheshe obunzulu ngokuqhubeka nokukhuthaza uphuhliso lobu buchwepheshe, ukwenzela ukuba iTshayina ibe lihlabathi. amandla okwenza.Ukuze sifezekise le njongo, kufuneka siqhubeke sihlalutya uphuhliso lweteknoloji yerobhothi yokuwelda, ukuze sicacise ulwalathiso lophuhliso lwexesha elizayo ngokudibanisa nemeko yangoku yophuhliso lobuchwepheshe, ukuze kukhuthazwe ngcono uphuhliso lobugcisa berobhothi.


Ixesha lokuposa: Aug-24-2021